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Skin Doctor Singapore: Common Types of Pigmentation

Skincare is an important issue in Singapore. Thus, it pays to find a qualified and reputable skin doctor in Singapore. A qualified skin doctor should be well-versed and up-to-date on the latest technologies, medical breakthroughs and treatment methods for skin conditions, illnesses, and general skin issues.

Of course, there are many reasons why one would seek out a skin doctor in Singapore like Dr David from One Face Clinic in Singapore. Following are some of the main reasons:

  • Allergy and skin sensitivity issues
  • Eczema, dermatitis, and psoriasis
  • Mole removal
  • Skin cancer
  • Acne
  • Scar treatment
  • Pigmentation issues like Melasma

As one of the main reasons why people seek out skin doctor, it is important to be able to distinguish different types of pigmentation. In this article, common types of pigmentation will be discussed.

Common Types of Pigmentations

Birthmarks, as well, as other skin pigmentation, affect many people. The following are the most commonly found form of pigmentation.

Skin Pigmentation Disorders

Melasma freckles and dark spots

  1. Melasma

Melasma or chloasma is located on the chin, nose, upper lip, cheeks or forehead. They appear as a brown spot. They most commonly occur in women who are pregnant, taking estrogen for post-menopausal issues or birth control pills. Men can also get melasma, but it is rare.

Scheduling a meeting with an aesthetic skin doctor is a must if you have melasma spots that do not go away after using medicated prescribed creams. Sunlight can worsen the condition so it is advised to cover the area with sunscreen at all times.

  1. Albinism

This inherited disorder is a result of the absence of melanin in the hair, eyes, and skin. It is most common in Caucasians and cannot be cured. To prevent skin cancer and other problems that result from sun damage, some with Albinism must wear sunscreen at all times. This illness may also cause vision loss and irregular movements of the eyes.

  1. Vitiligo

With this condition, the pigment cells are attacked by the immune system. This may cause health issues such as pernicious anaemia, Addison’s disease diabetes, and thyroid issues. People with vitiligo have white smooth patches on the back of the hands as well as around the eyes and mouth. While there is no cure, there are severe ways to treat the disorder which you can discuss with your skin doctor.


Vascular birthmarks

  1. Hemangioma

Hemangiomas are composed of lots of small blood vessels that are grouped together. They are most commonly found in premature babies, mainly female. The marks are located on the face, arms, and legs, or trunk. Some may heal on their own or cause no ill effects, while others can be quite serious. Seek the help of a skincare doctor if there is any pain, bleeding or issues with vision or hearing.

  1. Macular stains

Macular stains can be located anywhere on the body. They appear as un-elevated mild red marks and are often referred to as “angel kisses” or “stork bites.” Angel kisses are usually located on the eyelids or forehead and often fade by the time the child reaches two years of age. Stork bites do not fade as usually located on the back of the neck. Both variations are harmless and do not require treatment by a professional or a clinic.

  1. Port-wine stains

Appearing as a flat mark on the face that is pink, purple or red, port wine stains are caused by abnormal development of blood vessels. Unlike most other birthmarks, they do not fade over time.

Port-wine stains are often indicators of other medical conditions such as Sturge-Weber Syndrome, a rare disorder that causes vision issues, mental limitations and often seizures. If located near the eyelid, port wine stains can increase the risk for glaucoma.

Pigmented birthmarks

brown birthmark

  1. Mongolian spots

Located near the buttocks or backs, these bluish marks usually fade by the age of 4. They do not need to be treated by a skincare specialist.

  1. Nevus of Ota

Caused by excessive amounts of melanin, this birthmark cause grey or blue discolouration on the face. It can also appear in the eyes. Nevus of Ota places those infected with an increased risk of skin cancer in the central nervous system as well as the eyes. As well, it raises the risk of developing glaucoma early in life. You should seek help from a skin doctor as well as an eye doctor and a neurologist to treat this type of pigmentation.

  1. Nevi

Otherwise known as moles, nevi spots can appear light to dark brown as well as flash colouring. They can be raised or flat. Most moles are not cancerous, but if there is any change in appearance there could be a risk of melanoma or skin cancer.

See a skin doctor in Singapore if you notice any of the following symptoms or changes in  any mole on your body:

  • Itching
  • Bleeding
  • Changes in colour, shape, symmetry, borders and size
  • Pain