Lateral epicondylitis or most commonly known as the “Tennis Elbow” is a painful state wherein the tendons are that can generate pain in the elbow and the arm. There are three bones make up your joint, first is the humerus, which is your upper arm bone. Then, the other two bones located in your forearm are called ulna and radius.
What causes tennis elbow?
This condition is usually due to repeating motions that can damage tendons and forearm muscles. It is usually due to overusing your muscles which are connected to the elbow that is used to set your wrist straight. If the tendons and muscles are tenses, inflammation can happen and production tiny tears that can develop on the exterior of your elbow.
As the name implies, this condition does not only occur on people playing tennis but also to people who perform recurring hand or gripping actions. Tennis Elbow can occur in any person, but it’s usually prevalent on people at about 40 years old.
What is the best treatment for tennis elbow?
Luckily, there are already several tennis elbow treatment options in Singapore such as one offered at PhysioActive. Mostly, in addition to physical therapy, treatment for this condition involves medical practitioners who work hand in hand to give you the most successful care. The treatment that these people will do depends on the severity of your condition.
Now that we have known what Tennis Elbow includes its causes let us proceed to the popular treatments that one who has this condition can undertake. There can be surgical and non-surgical treatments that can be performed to take care of this condition:
Taking a Good Rest
At any treatment, one step on recovering is to have a proper rest for yourself. In this condition, it means that one should take note of having a proper rest for your arms. With having adequate rest, you need to avoid and stop performing strenuous activities such as playing sports or heavy activities for a duration of time. Resting lasts up to several weeks.
Performing Special Stretch Exercises
Before having exercised, your doctor or therapist will give you a pain reliever. Once the pain subsides, you’ll start performing special exercises. Your therapist will guide you in strengthening and stretching your muscles on your wrist as well as your arms. There can be different exercises, such as forearm strengthening, wrist turn, ball squeeze, finger stretch, and many more.
The duration of performing these exercises depends on the severity of your condition and how long it will take to make it better. In most cases, it takes 8 weeks or longer to see the results.
There is also another therapy called “shockwave therapy” which uses shock imperceptible and high-energy sound waves. In shockwave therapy, shock waves are generated into your skin and directing them to the affected area with the use of a certain device. Some procedures use the guide of ultrasound to ensure that the procedure is going well and the device is in its right place. This procedure can be done once or many times depending on the necessity of the condition. Due to the many positive testimonials, shockwave therapy is gaining traction and is being offered by an increasing amount of physiotherapy clinics in Singapore like PhysioActive. It is particularly effective as a treatment option for patients who are diagnosed early on with tennis elbow and the therapy helps by greatly reducing the severity of pain.
Using a Brace
A brace can be given to you to help in treating Tennis Elbow as it acts as a secondary muscle connection spot and can help in tension relief. The brace is placed around the forearm, underneath the radius head. It is tightened to lessen the contraction of the muscles when the patient contracts their wrist.
There several types of injections that can treat Tennis Elbow. Injections are usually used when patients want instant pain relief from Tennis Elbow to continue their everyday activities. One injection that is common in treating Tennis Elbow is the Cortisone Injections which is a dominant anti-inflammatory drug. On the other hand, PRP Injections or Platelet-Rich Plasma Injections have also been gaining popularity these days. PRP includes a high amount of platelets which are growth factors that stimulate the process of healing.
Surgical treatments are usually performed when the symptoms of Tennis Elbow did not die down with non-surgical treatments. In most cases, surgical treatments are used when previous treatments did not take effect for more than 6 months.
Surgical treatments for Tennis Elbow usually engage in taking away contaminated muscle and reattaching new ones back to the bone. We have two kinds of surgical treatment that you can undergo:
The open surgery is the most common surgical procedure to treat tennis elbow r. This is performed by making an opening under your elbow. The damages parts of the tendons are removed. Your surgeon may either stitch the tendons to other ones or repair it with the help of a suture anchor.
Arthroscopic surgery, on the other hand, uses a thin tube with a light and a camera on the tip of it. With the help of this device, it allows your surgeon to look at the elbow joint to make sure there can be no other pain source. In this surgery, unhealthy tendons are removed without the disconnection of the tendon from the bone.
There can be different factors that need to be taken into account when having surgical treatment. The right surgical procedure for every person usually depends on the scope of the injury, your general health, the severity of the condition, and your personal needs. It is important to discuss with your doctors the condition of your Tennis Elbow as well as asking questions you want to know before undergoing surgical treatment.
More information about shockwave therapy and non-surgical tennis elbow treatments you can find from PhysioActive – an award-winning physiotherapy clinic in Singapore.
Address: 1 Orchard Blvd, Camden Medical Centre, #11-05, Singapore 248649
Phone: +65 6235 2647